What Is A Group Of Birds Flying Together Called?

Have you ever looked up at the sky and seen birds flying together in a synchronized flock? The sight of hundreds or even thousands of birds moving in unison is quite incredible. But what are these flocks actually called?

If you’re short on time, here’s a quick answer to your question: A group of birds flying together is most commonly called a flock. However, different terms are used for specific bird species.

In this article, we’ll dive into the various terms used to describe groups of flying birds. We’ll look at why birds flock together, the impressive sizes flocks can reach, and the specialized vocabulary used for different species’ flocks.

We’ll also highlight some of the most spectacular bird flocking displays in nature. Read on to learn all about the phenomenon of birds flying together in groups.

The Most Common Terms for Bird Flocks

When a group of birds fly together, it is called a flock. This is the most commonly used term to describe a gathering of birds in flight. Flocks are a common sight in the sky, with birds of the same species or different species flying together in harmony. It is truly a mesmerizing sight to behold.

Flock – The Standard Name

The term “flock” is the standard and widely accepted name for a group of birds flying together. It is used by birdwatchers, ornithologists, and bird enthusiasts alike. Flocks can range in size from just a few birds to thousands of individuals.

They often fly in a coordinated manner, creating beautiful formations in the sky.

Other General Terms Used

While “flock” is the most common term, there are other general terms used to describe bird flocks as well. These include:

  • Flight: This term is often used to describe a large group of birds flying together. It emphasizes the movement and coordination of the birds in flight.
  • Skein: This term is typically used to describe a V-shaped formation of geese or swans flying together. It is commonly seen during migration.
  • Vortex: This term is used to describe a swirling mass of birds in flight, often seen during feeding or when startled.

Regional Variations in Vocabulary

It is worth noting that there may be regional variations in the vocabulary used to describe bird flocks. Different regions or countries may have their own unique terms for flocks. For example, in the United Kingdom, a group of birds flying together is sometimes referred to as a “kettle” or a “parcel.”

These regional variations add to the richness and diversity of bird-related vocabulary.

For more information on bird flocks and birdwatching, you can visit Audubon or BirdLife International.

Why Birds Fly Together in Groups

Birds are fascinating creatures that have evolved various strategies to survive and thrive in their environments. One of these strategies is flying together in groups. This behavior can be observed in many bird species across the globe and serves several important purposes.

Defense Against Predators

One of the primary reasons birds fly together in groups is for defense against predators. By flying in large numbers, birds create a confusing and intimidating spectacle for potential predators. This makes it difficult for predators to single out and target an individual bird.

The sheer number and synchronized movements of a flock can be overwhelming, deterring predators and increasing the chances of survival for each bird within the group.

Navigating During Migration

Migrating birds often fly together in groups known as “V-formations.” This formation provides several benefits for the birds. Firstly, it reduces wind resistance, allowing the birds to conserve energy during long flights.

Additionally, flying in a V-formation enables birds to take advantage of the upwash of air created by the bird in front of them, providing an extra lift. This makes long-distance migrations more efficient and less tiring for the birds.

Foraging for Food

Group flying can also be advantageous when it comes to foraging for food. Some bird species engage in cooperative foraging, where they work together to locate and capture prey. By flying together, birds can cover a larger area and communicate with each other to spot potential food sources.

This cooperative behavior increases the chances of finding food and ensures that all members of the group are well-fed.

Social and Communal Roosting

Another reason birds fly together in groups is for social and communal roosting. Many bird species gather in large flocks during the evening to roost together. This behavior provides warmth, protection, and a sense of security.

By roosting together, birds can share body heat and huddle closely to keep warm during cold nights. It also helps protect them from predators that may be lurking in the darkness. Additionally, communal roosting allows birds to establish social bonds and communicate with one another, strengthening their social cohesion.

How Big Do Bird Flocks Get?

Birds are known for their ability to fly together in large groups, creating breathtaking aerial displays. These flocks serve various purposes, such as enhancing protection against predators, maximizing foraging efficiency, and facilitating mating opportunities.

The size of bird flocks can vary significantly depending on the species and the specific circumstances.

Average Flock Sizes by Species

The average flock size of birds varies greatly among different species. For instance, small songbirds like sparrows or finches tend to form flocks ranging from a few individuals to several dozen birds.

On the other hand, waterfowl such as geese or ducks are known to gather in much larger flocks, often consisting of hundreds or even thousands of individuals.

It is important to note that migratory bird species, such as snow geese or sandpipers, can form massive flocks during their annual journeys. These flocks can stretch for miles and include tens of thousands of birds flying together in a synchronized pattern.

Huge Roosts of Blackbirds and Starlings

Blackbirds and starlings are known for their impressive roosting behavior, where thousands or even millions of birds gather to rest for the night. These roosts can be found in various locations, including woodlands, reed beds, or urban areas, and they create a mesmerizing spectacle for bird enthusiasts.

One example of a massive roost is the “murmuration” of European starlings. These gatherings can consist of hundreds of thousands of birds, creating intricate aerial patterns that seem like a graceful dance in the sky.

The synchronized movements of these flocks are a stunning display of collective behavior.

Record-Breaking Flocks

When it comes to record-breaking bird flocks, a few notable examples stand out. The largest recorded flock of birds was a gathering of over 1.5 million red-billed quelea birds in Africa. These small finch-like birds formed an immense swarm that stretched for several miles.

Another extraordinary example is the flocking behavior of passenger pigeons, which used to darken the skies of North America during the 19th century. These birds once formed flocks so vast that they could take hours to pass overhead.

However, due to overhunting and habitat destruction, passenger pigeons are now extinct.

It is fascinating to witness the spectacle of large bird flocks. Whether it is a murmuration of starlings or a massive migration of geese, these gatherings serve as a reminder of the incredible diversity and adaptability of bird species.

Unique Terms for Specific Species

When it comes to groups of birds flying together, there are some unique and interesting terms used to describe these gatherings. Each species often has its own specific term, adding to the richness and diversity of the English language. Let’s explore some of these fascinating terms:

A Gaggle of Geese

One of the most well-known examples is a “gaggle of geese.” Geese are social creatures that often fly together in a V-formation, honking and gliding through the sky. The term “gaggle” is derived from the Middle English word “gagelen,” meaning to cackle or make noise.

It perfectly captures the boisterous and lively nature of these beautiful birds.

A Raft of Ducks

When it comes to ducks, a group of them flying together is called a “raft.” This term might seem unusual, but it actually comes from the fact that ducks often gather and float together on water, forming a cohesive group.

The image of ducks paddling together, creating a makeshift raft, is a delightful one indeed.

A Murmuration of Starlings

Starlings, on the other hand, are renowned for their breathtaking aerial displays known as murmurations. These displays involve thousands of birds flying together in a mesmerizing synchronized pattern.

The term “murmuration” is derived from the Latin word “murmurare,” which means to murmur or make a low continuous sound. It perfectly captures the awe-inspiring sight and the gentle, whispering sound of thousands of wings flapping in unison.

Other Examples and Origins

There are many more examples of unique terms used for groups of birds flying together. For instance, a group of crows is called a “murder,” a gathering of doves is called a “dole,” and a group of owls is referred to as a “parliament.”

Each of these terms has its own fascinating origin and adds to the linguistic tapestry of bird behavior.

If you’re curious to learn more about this topic, you can visit audubon.org, a reputable website that provides further insights into the unique terms used for different species of birds.

Where to See Incredible Bird Flocks

If you’re a bird enthusiast or just someone who appreciates the beauty of nature, witnessing a large group of birds flying together can be a truly awe-inspiring sight. These massive flocks, known as murmurations, can consist of thousands, or even millions, of birds moving in perfect synchrony.

While bird flocks can be found all over the world, there are a few places that are particularly famous for their incredible displays.

Murmurations in the UK

One of the most famous bird flocking phenomena can be witnessed in the United Kingdom. The starlings, a small bird species, gather in massive numbers during the winter months, creating breathtaking murmurations.

These mesmerizing displays can be seen in various locations across the country, with some of the most popular spots being the Somerset Levels and the Norfolk Broads. Watching thousands of starlings swirling and swooping in unison is truly a sight to behold.

Red-winged Blackbirds in North America

In North America, the red-winged blackbirds are well-known for their spectacular flocking behavior. These birds congregate in large numbers during both the breeding season and the winter months, creating a mesmerizing display of synchronized flight.

The marshlands and wetlands of the United States and Canada are the best places to witness these massive flocks of red-winged blackbirds. Keep an eye out for their distinct red and yellow shoulder patches as they take flight in unison.

Flamingo Flocks in Africa

Africa is home to some of the largest bird flocks in the world, with the flamingos being one of the most iconic species. These elegant birds gather in huge numbers around various lakes and salt pans, creating a sea of pink.

One of the most famous locations to witness flamingo flocks is Lake Nakuru in Kenya, where thousands of these graceful birds can be seen wading through the shallow waters. The sheer beauty and elegance of these flocks make them a must-see for any bird lover.

Bird Migration Sites Worldwide

Bird migration is another fascinating phenomenon that attracts bird watchers from around the globe. During their annual migrations, birds travel thousands of miles, often in large flocks, in search of favorable breeding and feeding grounds.

Some of the best places to witness these incredible migrations include the Great Lakes in North America, where millions of waterfowl pass through each year, and the East Asian-Australasian Flyway, which sees the movement of millions of shorebirds.

For more information on bird flocks and where to see them, you can visit websites such as audubon.org or birdlife.org. These websites provide detailed information on birding hotspots, conservation efforts, and the latest news in the world of avian wonders.


Whether called a flock, swarm, raft, or murmuration, there are amazing terms that describe the sights of birds flying together in the sky. The phenomenon reveals birds’ social nature, migration instincts, and defenses against predators.

With spectacular displays numbering in the millions, flocking birds never cease to amaze. Next time you spot a group of birds overhead, you’ll have plenty of vocabulary to describe the incredible scene.

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