Do Wild Rabbits Eat Bird Seed?

Do you enjoy feeding birds in your backyard, only to find pesky wild rabbits gobbling up the seed as well? While providing food for birds, you may be unintentionally attracting rabbits too.

If you’re short on time, here’s a quick answer: Yes, wild rabbits will readily eat bird seed, especially in winter when natural foods are scarce.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll discuss wild rabbits’ diets, favorite bird seed types, techniques to deter them, and ways to peacefully coexist with these fuzzy backyard visitors.

Wild Rabbits’ Diets and Foraging

Wild rabbits are known for their ability to adapt to different environments and find food sources that sustain them. They are opportunistic feeders, meaning they will eat a wide variety of plants and other food items to meet their nutritional needs.

Rabbits as Opportunistic Feeders

Rabbits have a diverse diet that includes grasses, herbs, leaves, twigs, bark, and even certain fruits and vegetables. They are also known to consume seeds, including bird seed, but it is not a significant part of their diet.

Rabbits are primarily herbivores, so they rely on plant material for their nutrition.

While wild rabbits may occasionally nibble on bird seed, it is not their preferred food source. They are more likely to forage for fresh vegetation or find other natural food sources in their environment.

It is important to note that rabbits have specific dietary needs, and a diet consisting mainly of bird seed may not provide them with the necessary nutrients.

Favorite Natural Foods

Wild rabbits have certain foods that they prefer over others. Grasses, clover, dandelions, and other leafy greens are some of their favorite natural foods. These provide them with essential nutrients such as fiber, vitamins, and minerals.

Rabbits also enjoy eating the tender shoots and buds of young trees and shrubs. They may even eat the bark of certain trees in winter when food sources are scarce. However, it’s important to note that excessive bark consumption can be harmful to the health of trees.

Backyard Gardens and Landscaping as Food Sources

Backyard gardens and landscaping can attract wild rabbits as they offer a diverse range of plants and vegetation. Rabbits may find these areas as a convenient and easily accessible food source. This can sometimes lead to conflicts between gardeners and rabbits, as rabbits can cause damage to crops and plants.

To protect your garden from rabbits, you can use fencing or create barriers that rabbits cannot easily access. Planting rabbit-resistant plants can also help deter them from your garden. However, it’s important to keep in mind that rabbits are resourceful and may still find ways to access your garden, so it’s best to implement multiple strategies for effective protection.

If you’re interested in learning more about wild rabbits’ diets and their behavior, you can visit National Wildlife Federation or House Rabbit Society for additional information.

Bird Seed’s Appeal to Rabbits

It may come as a surprise to many, but wild rabbits have been known to eat bird seed. While their primary diet consists of grasses, plants, and vegetables, rabbits are opportunistic eaters and will consume a variety of food sources when available.

Bird seed, in particular, holds a certain appeal for these furry creatures due to several factors.

High-Calorie Sunflower Seeds

One of the main reasons why wild rabbits are attracted to bird seed is the presence of high-calorie sunflower seeds. Sunflower seeds are rich in fats and proteins, which provide rabbits with the energy they need to survive and thrive.

These seeds are also a good source of vitamins and minerals, making them a nutritious addition to a rabbit’s diet.

Palatable Mixed Seed Blends

Another reason why rabbits are drawn to bird seed is the palatability of mixed seed blends. Many bird seed mixes contain a combination of seeds, including millet, corn, oats, and wheat. These seeds have a pleasant taste and texture that can be appealing to rabbits, prompting them to nibble on the bird seed when it is available.

Easy Accessibility

The accessibility of bird seed is another factor that makes it attractive to wild rabbits. Bird feeders are often placed at ground level or on low-hanging branches, making it easy for rabbits to access the seeds.

Additionally, spilled or scattered bird seed on the ground provides an easy food source for rabbits, requiring minimal effort on their part.

Seasonal and Regional Factors

The appeal of bird seed to rabbits can also be influenced by seasonal and regional factors. For example, during the colder months when vegetation is scarce, rabbits may turn to bird seed as a supplementary food source.

Additionally, in areas where bird feeders are plentiful, rabbits may learn to associate these feeders with a reliable source of food.

While wild rabbits may occasionally indulge in bird seed, it is important to note that their primary diet should consist of fresh greens, hay, and vegetables. Bird seed should only be offered as a treat in moderation to avoid disrupting the rabbit’s natural dietary balance.

If you are concerned about rabbits consuming bird seed in your garden, consider using squirrel-proof bird feeders or placing the feeders in higher locations that are inaccessible to rabbits.

Deterring Rabbits from Bird Feeders

Many bird enthusiasts enjoy feeding their feathered friends in their backyards. However, one common problem they often encounter is rabbits raiding the bird feeders. While rabbits primarily feed on grasses and leafy plants, they may also be attracted to bird seed if it is easily accessible.

To prevent rabbits from devouring all the bird seed, there are several effective methods you can employ.

Spacing and Placement

When setting up bird feeders, spacing and placement are crucial factors to consider. Rabbits are excellent jumpers and climbers, so it is important to position the feeders at a height that is difficult for them to reach.

Hanging bird feeders from tree branches or installing them on poles with baffles can help deter rabbits. Additionally, make sure there are no nearby objects, such as fences or shrubs, that rabbits can use as leverage to reach the feeders.

Using Fences and Barriers

Another effective way to keep rabbits away from bird feeders is by installing fences or barriers around the feeding area. This can be done by using chicken wire or hardware cloth to create a physical barrier that rabbits cannot penetrate.

Make sure the fence is buried at least six inches into the ground to prevent rabbits from burrowing underneath. Additionally, consider adding a roof to the feeding area to further deter rabbits from accessing the bird seed.

Repellent Sprays and Scent Deterrents

Repellent sprays and scent deterrents can also be used to discourage rabbits from approaching bird feeders. These products typically contain natural ingredients, such as garlic or hot pepper, which rabbits find unappealing.

Spraying the bird feeders and the surrounding area with these repellents can help keep rabbits at bay. However, it is important to reapply the spray regularly, especially after rain, to ensure its effectiveness.

Scare Devices

Scare devices can be a fun and effective way to deter rabbits from bird feeders. Hanging shiny objects, such as aluminum foil strips or old CDs, near the feeders can startle and frighten rabbits, making them think twice before approaching.

Another option is to use motion-activated devices that emit loud noises or flashes of light when triggered by the presence of rabbits. These devices can be a great addition to your bird feeding setup and help keep rabbits away.

Remember, it is important to employ a combination of these methods to effectively deter rabbits from bird feeders. By implementing spacing and placement strategies, using fences and barriers, utilizing repellent sprays and scent deterrents, and incorporating scare devices, you can enjoy watching your feathered friends without worrying about rabbits gobbling up all the bird seed.

Coexisting Peacefully with Wild Rabbits

Understanding Rabbits’ Value

Wild rabbits are a common sight in many neighborhoods and parks. While some may view them as pests, it’s important to understand the value these small creatures bring to our ecosystem. Rabbits play a crucial role in the food chain, serving as prey for larger predators such as hawks, foxes, and snakes.

They also help with seed dispersal by consuming a variety of vegetation and then spreading the seeds through their droppings. Additionally, rabbits contribute to soil health by creating burrows that aerate the ground and allow for better water infiltration.

Providing Appropriate Food Sources

When it comes to feeding wild rabbits, it’s important to provide them with a balanced diet that mimics their natural food sources. While rabbits primarily feed on grasses, herbs, and leafy greens, they may also consume other plant materials if available.

It is a common misconception that wild rabbits eat bird seed. In reality, their diet consists mainly of fresh vegetation. To attract rabbits to your yard in a way that doesn’t compete with birds, consider planting native shrubs and grasses that provide a natural food source for them.

This will ensure that they have access to the nutrients they need without relying on bird seed.

Tolerating Some Bird Seed Loss

If you have bird feeders in your yard, it’s important to understand that some loss of bird seed is inevitable when coexisting with wild rabbits. These small creatures may be attracted to spilled bird seed on the ground or even attempt to reach the feeders themselves.

While it can be frustrating to see the bird seed disappear quickly, it’s important to remember that rabbits are just trying to find food to survive. By taking preventative measures such as using squirrel-proof feeders or placing bird feeders in elevated locations, you can minimize the amount of bird seed that rabbits have access to. It’s also worth noting that rabbits are not the only animals that may consume bird seed; squirrels and other small mammals may also be attracted to it.

Tolerating some loss of bird seed as part of coexisting with wildlife can help create a more harmonious environment for all creatures.


Wild rabbits will enthusiastically eat bird seed, especially sunflower seeds and mixes. While you likely can’t prevent all rabbit access, there are techniques to significantly reduce consumption and waste.

With some planning, forethought, and tolerance, you can maintain your bird feeding station and appreciate wildlife diversity through peaceful coexistence with wild rabbits.

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