How To Attract Birds To Nest In Your Birdhouse

Putting up a birdhouse in your yard is a great way to provide shelter for our feathered friends. But simply installing a birdhouse doesn’t guarantee birds will use it. Attracting nesting birds takes some strategic placement and design considerations.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll share all the tips and tricks you need to make your birdhouse irresistible to nest-seeking birds.

If you’re short on time, here’s a quick answer: The keys to getting birds to use a birdhouse are placing it in a suitable location, using the right size box for the desired species, incorporating proper ventilation and drainage, and keeping predators away.

Pick the Right Location

When it comes to attracting birds to nest in your birdhouse, one of the most important factors is picking the right location. Here are some key considerations to keep in mind:

Situate the birdhouse 10-30 feet from trees, shrubs, or buildings

It’s important to provide birds with a sense of safety and security when choosing a location for your birdhouse. Placing it 10-30 feet away from trees, shrubs, or buildings will give birds a convenient perch from which they can easily access the birdhouse.

This distance also helps protect the birds from predators that may be lurking in nearby vegetation.

Face the entrance away from prevailing winds and rain

Just like humans, birds prefer to stay dry and comfortable. To ensure that your birdhouse remains a cozy home for nesting birds, make sure to face the entrance away from prevailing winds and rain. This will help protect the interior of the birdhouse from getting wet and cold, ensuring a more welcoming environment for birds to raise their young.

Mount the house 5-15 feet off the ground

The height at which you mount your birdhouse can also impact its attractiveness to nesting birds. Most birds prefer their nests to be at a moderate height, typically between 5 and 15 feet off the ground.

This height provides a good vantage point for birds to keep an eye on their surroundings and protect their nest from potential threats. Additionally, mounting your birdhouse at this height will make it easier for you to observe and monitor the nesting activity.

By carefully selecting the right location for your birdhouse, you can greatly increase the chances of attracting birds to nest in it. Remember to consider factors such as proximity to trees, shrubs, or buildings, protection from wind and rain, and the appropriate mounting height. Happy birdwatching!

Select an Appropriate Birdhouse Design

Choose a birdhouse style and entrance hole specific to the desired species

When selecting a birdhouse design, it’s important to consider the specific species you want to attract. Different bird species have different preferences when it comes to the size and shape of their nesting cavities.

For instance, cavity-nesting birds like bluebirds prefer a small entrance hole of about 1.5 inches in diameter, while larger birds like woodpeckers may require a larger entrance hole of 2-3 inches in diameter.

Make sure to research the specific requirements of the birds you want to attract and choose a birdhouse style and entrance hole size accordingly.

Use untreated wood at least 1/2 inch thick to provide insulation

When building or buying a birdhouse, it’s best to use untreated wood that is at least 1/2 inch thick. Untreated wood is safer for birds, as it doesn’t contain any harmful chemicals that could harm them or their offspring.

Additionally, using thicker wood provides better insulation for the nest, helping to regulate temperature and protect the eggs and chicks from extreme weather conditions. Remember to avoid using pressure-treated or painted wood, as these can be harmful to birds.

Incorporate drainage holes in the bottom and ventilation openings

Proper drainage and ventilation are essential for a successful birdhouse. Incorporate small drainage holes in the bottom of the birdhouse to prevent water from accumulating inside and causing the nest to become damp or flooded.

Additionally, include ventilation openings near the top of the birdhouse to allow for air circulation, preventing the nest from becoming too hot and suffocating the birds inside. These small details can greatly improve the chances of attracting birds to nest in your birdhouse.

Add Some Finishing Touches

When it comes to attracting birds to nest in your birdhouse, adding some finishing touches can make a significant difference. Here are a few tips to help you create an inviting environment for our feathered friends.

Stain or paint the house in neutral, natural tones

One of the first things you can do to enhance the appeal of your birdhouse is to stain or paint it in neutral, natural tones. This not only adds to the aesthetic appeal but also helps the birdhouse blend in with its surroundings.

Birds are more likely to be attracted to a birdhouse that resembles their natural habitat. Avoid using bright or flashy colors, as they may discourage birds from nesting.

Include a predator guard to deter snakes, cats, etc.

Another important finishing touch to consider is the inclusion of a predator guard. Snakes, cats, and other animals can pose a threat to nesting birds. By adding a predator guard, you can help protect the birds and increase the chances of successful nesting.

There are various types of predator guards available, such as metal baffles or cone-shaped barriers, that can be placed below or around the entrance hole of the birdhouse to prevent predators from accessing the nest.

Clean out old nests annually to improve appeal

It is essential to clean out the birdhouse annually to maintain its appeal for nesting birds. Old nests can harbor parasites or diseases that may deter birds from using the birdhouse. By removing old nests, you create a clean and inviting space for new occupants.

However, it is important to note that some species of birds may reuse old nests, so it is best to research the specific nesting habits of the birds you are trying to attract.

Remember, creating an attractive and safe environment for birds to nest is crucial. By following these finishing touches, you can increase the chances of birds choosing your birdhouse as their nesting site.

Offer Supplemental Resources

When it comes to attracting birds to nest in your birdhouse, offering supplemental resources is key. By providing these additional resources, you can create an inviting environment that will entice birds to choose your birdhouse as their nesting spot.

Provide a fresh water source nearby

One important resource to consider is a fresh water source. Birds need water for drinking and bathing, so having a birdbath or a small pond nearby can be a great way to attract them. Make sure to keep the water clean and fresh, changing it regularly to prevent the buildup of algae or bacteria.

Placing the water source within sight of the birdhouse will make it even more appealing to birds.

Include snags or perches for landing

Another resource to consider is the availability of snags or perches for landing. Birds often use these perches to survey their surroundings before entering a birdhouse. Providing natural perches, such as tree branches or dead trees (snags), can increase the attractiveness of your birdhouse.

These perches also serve as convenient resting spots for birds when they are not nesting.

Plant native vegetation to attract birds

Planting native vegetation around your birdhouse can also help attract birds. Native plants provide food sources, shelter, and nesting materials that are familiar and attractive to local bird species. Research the types of plants that are native to your area and choose ones that are known to attract birds.

This will not only enhance the appeal of your birdhouse but also contribute to the overall biodiversity of your garden or yard.

By offering supplemental resources such as a fresh water source, snags or perches for landing, and native vegetation, you can create an enticing environment that will attract birds to nest in your birdhouse.

Remember to maintain these resources regularly to ensure their availability and keep the birds coming back year after year.

Maintain Your Birdhouse

To attract birds to nest in your birdhouse, it is crucial to properly maintain it. By following a few simple steps, you can create a safe and inviting environment for your feathered friends.

Perform regular cleanings and repairs

Regular cleanings of your birdhouse are essential to ensure the health and safety of nesting birds. This involves removing any debris or old nesting material that may have accumulated inside. By doing so, you are not only providing a clean space for new birds to nest but also reducing the risk of parasites or diseases.

Inspect your birdhouse for any signs of damage or wear and tear. If you notice any cracks, holes, or loose parts, it is important to make the necessary repairs. This will ensure that the birdhouse remains sturdy and secure, preventing accidents or unwanted visitors.

Avoid disturbing nesting birds

Once birds have chosen your birdhouse as their nesting site, it is crucial to avoid disturbing them. Birds can be easily stressed by constant human presence or loud noises. To give them a sense of security, try to minimize your interactions with the birdhouse during nesting season.

While it may be tempting to peek inside the birdhouse to check on the eggs or chicks, it is best to refrain from doing so. This can cause unnecessary stress to the nesting birds and may even lead to abandonment of the nest.

Instead, trust that the birds are taking care of their young and enjoy observing them from a respectful distance.

Remove invasive House Sparrow nests

House Sparrows are non-native birds that can be aggressive towards other bird species and may take over birdhouses intended for native birds. If you notice a House Sparrow nest in your birdhouse, it is important to remove it promptly.

To remove a House Sparrow nest, wait until the birds have finished building and before they lay eggs. Once they have left the nest, carefully remove the nest material and dispose of it. This will discourage House Sparrows from using your birdhouse as their nesting site and make it more appealing to other bird species.

For more information on maintaining and attracting birds to your birdhouse, you can visit trusted websites such as or Cornell Lab of Ornithology.


Attracting feathered friends to a backyard birdhouse requires strategic placement, bird-friendly designs, and some year-round maintenance. But the rewards of watching birds raise their young ones in the shelter you provide are well worth the effort.

Follow these tips to turn your birdhouse into a coveted residence that nesting birds just can’t resist.

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