The Puerto Rican Parrot: National Bird Of Puerto Rico

With its vibrant green plumage and bright red forehead, the Puerto Rican parrot is a beautiful and iconic bird that represents the culture and biodiversity of Puerto Rico. But how did this graceful parrot become the national bird of Puerto Rico?

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll cover everything you need to know about the history, symbolism, and conservation efforts surrounding this remarkable national symbol.

If you’re short on time, here’s the quick answer: The Puerto Rican parrot (Amazona vittata) is the only native parrot in Puerto Rico and has been the official national bird since 1968.

Overview of the Puerto Rican Parrot

The Puerto Rican Parrot, also known as the Amazona vittata, is a beautiful and vibrant bird that holds the distinction of being the national bird of Puerto Rico. This species is endemic to the island, meaning it is found nowhere else in the world.

Unfortunately, the Puerto Rican Parrot is also critically endangered, with only a few dozen individuals left in the wild.

Scientific Name and Identification

The scientific name of the Puerto Rican Parrot is Amazona vittata. It is a medium-sized parrot, measuring about 28 centimeters (11 inches) in length. The male and female parrots have similar appearances, with both featuring a bright green plumage, a red forehead, and blue primary feathers.

They also have a distinct white ring around their eyes, which adds to their unique beauty.

Habitat and Behavior

The Puerto Rican Parrot once thrived across the island of Puerto Rico, but due to habitat loss and predation, their numbers have significantly declined. These parrots prefer to live in the dense forests of Puerto Rico’s mountainous regions, where they build their nests in tree cavities.

They are highly social birds, often seen flying in flocks and communicating with loud, distinctive calls.

One interesting behavior of the Puerto Rican Parrot is its ability to mimic sounds. They are known for imitating the calls of other birds and even human speech. This talent has made them popular among bird enthusiasts and researchers alike.

Diet and Lifespan

The Puerto Rican Parrot primarily feeds on a diet of fruits, seeds, and nuts found in the forest. They have a strong beak that allows them to crack open hard shells and extract the nutritious contents.

These parrots play a vital role in dispersing the seeds of various plant species, contributing to the ecosystem’s health and biodiversity.

The average lifespan of a Puerto Rican Parrot is around 20 to 30 years in the wild, although some individuals have been known to live even longer. However, due to the threats they face, such as loss of habitat and illegal hunting, their lifespan has been significantly reduced.

To learn more about the Puerto Rican Parrot and the conservation efforts being made to protect this endangered species, you can visit the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service website. The Puerto Rican Parrot is an important symbol of Puerto Rico’s natural heritage, and it is our collective responsibility to ensure its survival for future generations.

History and Symbolism of the National Bird

Native Species Once Abundant on the Island

The Puerto Rican Parrot, also known as the Amazona vittata, is an endemic species to the island of Puerto Rico. It was once abundant on the island, with a population estimated to be in the thousands. However, due to deforestation, hunting, and the introduction of non-native species, the population of the Puerto Rican Parrot began to decline rapidly.

By the 1960s, it was on the verge of extinction, with only a handful of individuals remaining in the wild.

According to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, efforts were made to preserve and protect this beautiful bird. Conservation measures were put in place, including captive breeding programs and habitat restoration projects.

These efforts have helped to increase the population of the Puerto Rican Parrot, although it is still listed as an endangered species.

Declared the National Bird in 1968

In recognition of its cultural and ecological significance, the Puerto Rican Parrot was officially declared the National Bird of Puerto Rico in 1968. This designation was a way to highlight the importance of preserving and protecting this unique species.

The decision to make the Puerto Rican Parrot the National Bird was not only a symbolic gesture but also a call to action. It served as a reminder to the people of Puerto Rico and the world that the preservation of biodiversity is crucial for the well-being of our planet.

It also brought attention to the need for ongoing conservation efforts to ensure the survival of this remarkable bird.

Represents Puerto Rican Culture and Identity

The Puerto Rican Parrot is not only a symbol of the island’s natural beauty but also of its culture and identity. The vibrant colors and distinctive call of the parrot are a reflection of the lively spirit and rich cultural heritage of Puerto Rico.

It is a source of pride for the people of Puerto Rico, representing their connection to the land and their commitment to preserving their unique cultural identity.

In addition to its cultural significance, the Puerto Rican Parrot also plays a vital role in the island’s ecosystem. As a seed-dispersing species, it helps to maintain the balance of plant species in its habitat.

Its presence is a testament to the importance of biodiversity and the interconnectedness of all living things.

The Puerto Rican Parrot’s journey from the brink of extinction to becoming the National Bird is a powerful reminder of the resilience of nature and the impact that collective conservation efforts can have.

It serves as an inspiration for future generations to continue working towards the preservation of our natural world.

The Parrot in Puerto Rican Art and Culture

The Puerto Rican Parrot, also known as the Amazona vittata, holds a special place in the hearts of Puerto Ricans. This beautiful bird, with its vibrant green feathers and distinct red forehead, has become a symbol of the island’s rich artistic and cultural heritage.

Appears in Art, Music, Stories, and Media

The Puerto Rican Parrot can be found in various forms of artistic expression, including paintings, sculptures, and murals. Artists have captured the bird’s beauty and unique characteristics, showcasing its importance in Puerto Rican culture.

The parrot’s image is also frequently used in traditional music, appearing on album covers and in song lyrics. Its presence in stories and literature further strengthens its significance as a cultural icon.

One popular folktale featuring the Puerto Rican Parrot is “El Cotorro de Puerto Rico” (The Puerto Rican Parrot). This story teaches valuable lessons about the importance of preserving nature and protecting endangered species.

The parrot’s portrayal in media, such as movies and documentaries, serves as a reminder of the need for conservation efforts to safeguard this precious species.

Influences Business Names and Cultural Events

The Puerto Rican Parrot’s cultural significance extends beyond art and media. Its image is often used in business names and logos, representing the pride and connection Puerto Ricans feel towards their national bird.

The parrot’s presence in these commercial ventures not only promotes local businesses but also raises awareness about the endangered status of the species.

Furthermore, the Puerto Rican Parrot serves as a symbol for various cultural events and celebrations. It is prominently featured in festivals, parades, and exhibitions, showcasing the bird’s cultural significance and drawing attention to the need for conservation.

These events provide an opportunity for locals and tourists alike to learn about the parrot’s importance in Puerto Rican culture and the efforts being made to protect it.

Conservation Status and Protection Efforts

The Puerto Rican Parrot, also known as the Amazona vittata, holds the distinction of being the national bird of Puerto Rico. However, this beautiful species is currently listed as critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

The main threats to the survival of these parrots are habitat loss and poaching.

Endangered Due to Habitat Loss and Poaching

The population of the Puerto Rican Parrot has drastically declined primarily because of habitat loss. The destruction of the parrot’s natural habitat, which includes the loss of suitable nesting sites and food sources, has been a major factor in their decline.

Deforestation, urbanization, and the impact of hurricanes have all contributed to the loss of their habitat.

In addition to habitat loss, the Puerto Rican Parrot also faces the threat of poaching. These colorful birds are highly sought after in the illegal pet trade market due to their striking appearance and rarity.

Despite strict laws and regulations, poaching continues to be a significant threat to the survival of this species.

Efforts are being made to combat these threats and protect the Puerto Rican Parrot from extinction.

Captive Breeding and Reforestation Programs

One of the key conservation strategies for the Puerto Rican Parrot is captive breeding. Several organizations, including the Puerto Rico Department of Natural and Environmental Resources and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, have established captive breeding programs to increase the population of these parrots.

These programs aim to breed parrots in captivity and release them into protected areas once they are ready to survive in the wild.

Reforestation programs are also crucial for the survival of the Puerto Rican Parrot. By restoring and creating suitable habitats, these programs help provide the necessary nesting sites and food sources for the parrots.

Organizations like Para La Naturaleza and the Sierra Club are actively involved in reforestation efforts to support the recovery of this endangered species.

Thanks to the combined efforts of these conservation programs, the population of the Puerto Rican Parrot has shown a slight increase in recent years. However, there is still much work to be done to ensure the long-term survival of this iconic species.

To learn more about the conservation efforts for the Puerto Rican Parrot, you can visit or

Other Unique Birds of Puerto Rico

Puerto Rican Tody

While the Puerto Rican parrot may be the national bird of Puerto Rico, the island is home to several other unique and fascinating bird species. One such bird is the Puerto Rican Tody, also known as the “San Pedrito” in Spanish.

This small, colorful bird is endemic to Puerto Rico and can be found in the island’s forests and woodlands. With its vibrant green feathers, bright red throat, and tiny size, the Puerto Rican Tody is a sight to behold.

Despite its small stature, the Puerto Rican Tody has a big personality. It is known for its playful behavior and distinctive call, which has been described as a high-pitched “peek” or “prrrt” sound. This bird is also known for its ability to hover in mid-air, making it a skilled hunter of insects.

The Puerto Rican Tody is truly a unique and fascinating bird that adds to the rich biodiversity of Puerto Rico.

Puerto Rican Emerald

Another remarkable bird species found in Puerto Rico is the Puerto Rican Emerald. This beautiful hummingbird is endemic to the island and is recognized by its iridescent green feathers and shimmering emerald color, hence its name.

The Puerto Rican Emerald is the sole representative of the hummingbird family in Puerto Rico.

This tiny bird, measuring only about 3.5 inches in length, is a master of flight. It can hover in mid-air, fly backwards, and even upside down. The Puerto Rican Emerald feeds on nectar from flowers and plays a vital role in pollination, helping to maintain the island’s delicate ecosystem.

With its stunning appearance and acrobatic abilities, the Puerto Rican Emerald is a true jewel of Puerto Rico’s avian population.

Yellow-shouldered Blackbird

The Yellow-shouldered Blackbird, or “Mariquita” as it is called in Spanish, is another unique bird species found in Puerto Rico. This bird gets its name from its distinctive yellow shoulder patches, which contrast beautifully with its black feathers.

The Yellow-shouldered Blackbird is endemic to Puerto Rico and can be found in a variety of habitats, including wetlands, grasslands, and coastal areas.

One interesting fact about the Yellow-shouldered Blackbird is that it is highly social and often forms large flocks. These flocks can consist of hundreds or even thousands of birds, creating a mesmerizing sight as they fly together.

The Yellow-shouldered Blackbird is not only visually striking but also plays an important role in the ecosystem by dispersing seeds and controlling insect populations.

These are just a few examples of the unique and diverse bird species that call Puerto Rico home. The island’s rich biodiversity and conservation efforts have made it a paradise for birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts.

If you ever visit Puerto Rico, make sure to keep an eye out for these incredible birds and appreciate the beauty they bring to the island’s ecosystem.


As the only native parrot in Puerto Rico, the Puerto Rican parrot is a natural choice to represent the island’s vibrant culture and biodiversity. While once abundant, this elegant green parrot remains endangered and in need of active conservation.

However, robust captive breeding and education initiatives provide hope for the future of this cherished national symbol.

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