What Is A Female Eagle Called? A Guide To Eagle Gender Names

With their regal bearing and impressive wingspan, eagles capture our imagination. But do you know what the female of the species is called? In this comprehensive guide, we’ll cover everything you need to know about identifying female eagles, from their unique names to how to tell males and females apart.

If you’re short on time, here’s a quick answer: Female eagles are most commonly referred to as either hen or eaglet. However, they can also be called female eagles, lady eagles, or other gendered names depending on the specific species.

The Common Names for Female Eagles

When it comes to the common names for female eagles, there are a few different terms that are used. Let’s take a closer look at some of these names:


The term “hen” is often used to refer to a female eagle. This name is derived from the poultry world, where it is commonly used to describe a female chicken. While it may seem like an unusual term to use for such a majestic bird, it has become widely accepted in the birding community.


An “eaglet” is a term used to describe a young eagle, regardless of its gender. However, it is often used to refer to a female eagle that is not yet fully grown. Female eaglets typically have lighter plumage than their male counterparts, making them easier to distinguish.

Female Eagle

Another straightforward term for a female eagle is simply “female eagle.” This is a practical and widely understood term that does not carry any additional connotations or associations.

Lady Eagle

While not as commonly used as some of the other terms, “lady eagle” is sometimes used to refer to a female eagle. This term adds a touch of elegance and femininity to the name, highlighting the grace and beauty of these magnificent creatures.

Other Gendered Names

There are also some less common names that are occasionally used to refer to female eagles. These include “queen eagle,” “matriarch eagle,” or even “cow eagle.” However, it’s important to note that these terms are not as widely recognized or accepted as the more common names mentioned above.

It’s worth mentioning that the use of gendered names for eagles is not universally agreed upon. Some bird experts argue that eagles should not be given gendered names at all, as it can lead to confusion and perpetuate gender stereotypes.

Instead, they advocate for using neutral terms when referring to these majestic birds.

For more information on eagles and other birds, you can visit reputable websites such as Audubon or All About Birds.

How to Distinguish Male and Female Eagles

Eagles are majestic birds of prey that are known for their impressive size, strength, and keen eyesight. While both male and female eagles share many similarities, there are a few key differences that can help you distinguish between the two genders.

By understanding these differences, you can identify whether an eagle you spot is a male or a female.

Size Differences

One of the primary ways to distinguish between male and female eagles is by their size. In most eagle species, females are larger than males. For example, female bald eagles can weigh up to 14 pounds and have a wingspan of up to 7 feet, while male bald eagles typically weigh around 10 pounds with a wingspan of around 6 feet.

This size difference is thought to be due to the female’s role in reproduction and the need for additional strength and size to protect and incubate their eggs.

Plumage Variations

Another way to differentiate between male and female eagles is by their plumage. In many eagle species, including the bald eagle, females tend to have slightly darker and more mottled plumage compared to males.

This variation in coloration is believed to help the female blend in better with her surroundings during the nesting period when she is responsible for incubating and protecting the eggs. Males, on the other hand, often have lighter and more uniform plumage.

Behavioral Cues

In addition to size and plumage differences, there are also behavioral cues that can help identify the gender of an eagle. During courtship displays, male eagles are known for their acrobatic aerial displays, soaring high in the sky and performing impressive dives.

Females, on the other hand, are often observed perched near the nest or engaged in nest-building activities. These behavioral differences reflect the roles that males and females play in the breeding process.

While these characteristics can be helpful in distinguishing between male and female eagles, it’s important to note that there can be variations within each species. Additionally, age and individual variation can also play a role in the appearance and behavior of eagles.

If you’re unsure about the gender of an eagle you’ve spotted, consult a field guide or reach out to a local birdwatching organization for assistance.

Female Eagle Naming Conventions by Species

Bald Eagles

When it comes to Bald Eagles, the female is typically referred to as the “female eagle” or simply the “female.” This naming convention is widely accepted and used by experts and enthusiasts alike. Female Bald Eagles are known for their larger size compared to their male counterparts, with an average wingspan of about 6 to 7 feet.

They also tend to be slightly heavier, weighing around 10 to 14 pounds. These majestic birds are known for their impressive hunting skills and their ability to soar through the skies with grace and elegance.

Golden Eagles

In the case of Golden Eagles, the female is commonly referred to as the “female eagle” or the “female golden eagle.” Just like with Bald Eagles, this naming convention is widely recognized and used. Female Golden Eagles are known for their larger size and strength compared to the males.

They have a wingspan that can reach up to 7 to 8 feet and can weigh between 10 to 14 pounds. These powerful birds are skilled predators, capable of hunting and capturing prey as large as deer and foxes.

African Fish Eagles

When it comes to African Fish Eagles, the female is commonly known as the “female eagle” or the “female fish eagle.” These magnificent birds are found in various parts of Africa and are known for their distinctive call and fishing abilities.

Female African Fish Eagles are slightly larger than the males, with a wingspan of about 6 to 7 feet. They weigh around 6 to 7 pounds on average. These birds are highly skilled at catching fish from water bodies, using their sharp talons to grab their prey and fly away with it.

Philippine Eagles

The female Philippine Eagle is often called the “female eagle” or the “female Philippine eagle.” These majestic birds are endemic to the Philippines and are known for their impressive size and strength.

Female Philippine Eagles have a wingspan that can reach up to 7 feet and can weigh between 12 to 16 pounds. They are considered one of the largest and most powerful eagles in the world. These birds primarily feed on small mammals, birds, and reptiles, and are known for their territorial behavior and impressive hunting skills.

Wedge-Tailed Eagles

When it comes to Wedge-Tailed Eagles, the female is commonly referred to as the “female eagle” or the “female wedge-tailed eagle.” These magnificent birds are native to Australia and are known for their impressive size and hunting abilities.

Female Wedge-Tailed Eagles have a wingspan that can reach up to 8 feet and can weigh between 8 to 12 pounds. They are skilled hunters, feeding on a variety of prey including small mammals, birds, and reptiles.

These birds are highly adaptable and can be found in a wide range of habitats, from open grasslands to dense forests.

The Importance of Female Eagles

Female eagles play a vital role in the overall survival and success of their species. They contribute to various aspects of eagle life, including reproduction, hunting and providing for their family, territory defense, and even longevity.

Reproduction and Raising Eaglets

When it comes to reproduction, female eagles are responsible for laying and incubating eggs. The female eagle will carefully select a suitable nesting site, typically in a tall tree or on a cliff ledge, to ensure the safety of her offspring.

After laying the eggs, she diligently incubates them for about 35 days, rarely leaving the nest during this time. Once the eaglets hatch, the female eagle continues to play a crucial role in their upbringing, protecting them from predators, teaching them to hunt, and providing them with food.

Hunting and Providing for the Family

Female eagles are exceptional hunters and providers. They have strong hunting skills and are known for their ability to catch prey both on land and in water. Female eagles often take the lead when it comes to hunting, using their sharp eyesight and powerful talons to capture fish, small mammals, and even other birds.

They bring the food back to the nest to feed not only themselves but also their young and their male partner. Their contribution to the family’s sustenance is crucial for the survival and growth of the entire eagle family unit.

Territory Defense

Female eagles are fiercely protective of their territory and will defend it against other eagles or intruders. They use their size and strength to deter potential threats and ensure the safety of their nest and young.

Female eagles are known to engage in aerial battles, soaring high in the sky and engaging in dramatic displays of talon-locking and mid-air acrobatics to establish dominance and protect their territory.


Female eagles generally have a longer lifespan compared to their male counterparts. They can live up to 30 years in the wild, whereas male eagles typically live around 20 years. This longer lifespan allows female eagles to contribute to the population for a more extended period, ensuring the continuity of their species.

Their longevity also means that they accumulate valuable experience and knowledge, making them even more adept at raising their young and navigating the challenges of their environment.

Threats Facing Female Eagles Today

Habitat Loss

One of the major threats facing female eagles today is habitat loss. As human populations continue to expand, forests and other natural habitats are being cleared to make way for urban development, agriculture, and industrial activities.

This destruction of their natural habitat limits the available nesting sites and reduces the availability of prey, affecting the survival and breeding success of female eagles. According to a report by the National Audubon Society, habitat loss is one of the leading causes of declining eagle populations.

Climate Change

Climate change is another significant threat facing female eagles. Rising temperatures and changing weather patterns can have a profound impact on their habitats and food sources. For example, warmer temperatures can affect the availability of fish, which is a primary food source for many eagle species.

Additionally, extreme weather events such as hurricanes and droughts can destroy nesting sites and disrupt breeding cycles. The National Wildlife Federation has highlighted the importance of addressing climate change to protect the habitats of eagles and other wildlife.


Pollution, particularly water pollution, poses a threat to female eagles. Chemicals and toxins from industrial and agricultural runoff can contaminate water bodies, making fish and other prey species unsafe for consumption.

When female eagles consume contaminated prey, it can lead to reproductive issues and weakened immune systems. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has been working to reduce pollution and implement regulations to protect eagle habitats from the harmful effects of pollution.


Poaching, although illegal, remains a persistent threat to female eagles. The illegal trade in eagle parts, such as feathers, talons, and eggs, continues to put pressure on eagle populations. Female eagles are particularly vulnerable as they are sought after for their larger size and more prominent feathers.

Organizations like the American Eagle Foundation and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service are working to combat poaching and enforce laws to protect female eagles and their habitats.


Whether referred to as a hen, eaglet, lady eagle, or other name, female eagles play a vital role in eagle populations. Understanding how to identify them, their naming conventions, and the threats they face gives greater insight into these majestic raptors.

With care and conservation, female eagles across the world can continue their indispensable place in the ecosystem.

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